This may be penciled in at the bottom of print and appear as "AP." Prints outside the standard edition which are intended for the artist's own private collection and use as part of the original artist-publisher agreement. It is common practice to reserve approximately ten percent of an edition as artist's proofs, although this figure can be higher.
A set of identical prints numbered in succession and signed by the artist. The total number of prints are "fixed" or "limited" by the artist who supervises the printing. All additional prints are destroyed.
A printing technique using a planographic process in which prints are produced on a special press from a flat stone or metal surface that has been chemically sensitized so that ink sticks only to the design areas and is repelled by the non-image areas. To create a lithograph with a number of different colors, multiple plates must be prepared and the paper must go through the press each time a new color is added. Lithographs are usually printed in editions of several hundred. Each print is considered a "multiple original" because the artist pulled each one from the press, or closely supervised the press operator.
A one-of-a-kind print conceived by the artist and printed by or under the artist's supervision.
An artwork consisting of different images, such as photographs or prints, and arranged so they join, overlap or blend to create a new image.
A series of prints or objects in an edition that has an unlimited number of copies.
Art that has been created by the artist's hand.
Print retained by the printer as a reference. Artists often sign these prints as a gesture of appreciation.
A small sketch in the margin of an art print or additional enhancements by the artist on some or all of the final prints within the edition.
Additional prints made from a master plate, block, lithograph stone, etc. after the original edition has been exhausted.
Signed and Numbered
At the bottom of each print in an edition, the artist pencils in his signature and numbers the print. The numbering appears as one number over another, for example, 15/30. This indicates the 15th print signed, from a total 30 prints.
Pre-cursor to a limited edition series. These initial prints are pulled so the artist may examine, refine and perfect the prints to the desired final state. Trial proofs are generally not signed.
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